Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome

Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome (CHS) is sometimes also called Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome affects people who use cannabis (marijuana). Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome causes frequent, severe nausea and vomiting. You have a higher risk of developing Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome if you use cannabis at least once a week. Your risk also increases if you have used cannabis since adolescence. The only way to cure Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome is to stop using cannabis.

Cannabis hyperemesis syndrome is a condition caused by long-term cannabis (marijuana) use. People who have Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome experience reoccurring episodes of sometimes explosive nausea, vomiting, dehydration, and abdominal pain, with frequent visits to the emergency department.

Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome is more than just a side effect of marijuana. It is a condition that can lead to health complications if left untreated[1].

Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome is a form of functional gut-brain axis disorder characterized by bouts of episodic nausea and vomiting worsened by cannabis intake[2]. It is considered as a variant of Cyclical Vomiting Syndrome seen in cannabis users especially characterized by compulsive hot bathing/showers to relieve the symptoms.

[1] Nourbakhsh et al: Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome: Reports of Fatal Cases in Journal of forensic sciences – 2019
[2] Perisetti et al: Cannabis hyperemesis syndrome: an update on the pathophysiology and management in Annals of Gastroenterology – 2020

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